Difference between revisions of "Set up Login System in Django"

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(User Templates)
(Initial Setup)
 
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=Initial Setup=
 
=Initial Setup=
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Before you attempt this you should create a superuser in django, otherwise you won't have a username & password to test.
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Run the DjangoAdmin program, choose the 'Manage' option and then 'createsuperuser'.
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==Project URL's==
 
==Project URL's==
 
If you have created a django project by running the 'startproject' option of django-admin, it will create a folder which contains a file called 'urls.py'. This is the file used to define the URL's accepted by your web app. For a login/logout system we can use the built in django methods, and will mainly need to add code into this file.
 
If you have created a django project by running the 'startproject' option of django-admin, it will create a folder which contains a file called 'urls.py'. This is the file used to define the URL's accepted by your web app. For a login/logout system we can use the built in django methods, and will mainly need to add code into this file.

Latest revision as of 07:41, 11 September 2019

Initial Setup

Before you attempt this you should create a superuser in django, otherwise you won't have a username & password to test.

Run the DjangoAdmin program, choose the 'Manage' option and then 'createsuperuser'.

Project URL's

If you have created a django project by running the 'startproject' option of django-admin, it will create a folder which contains a file called 'urls.py'. This is the file used to define the URL's accepted by your web app. For a login/logout system we can use the built in django methods, and will mainly need to add code into this file.

Open the 'urls.py', you will need to import the following at the top of the page:

from django.contrib.auth import views as auth_views

Next, you will see a section which defines 'urlpatterns', we need to add some additional entries into this:

path('login/', auth_views.LoginView.as_view(), name='login'),
path('logout/', auth_views.LogoutView.as_view(), name='logout'),

If you don't have a root path defined, look at the previous tutorial: Creating the Home page in Django.

Settings

Now in the project folder you should see a file called 'settings.py', we need to add this line:

LOGIN_URL = 'login'
LOGIN_REDIRECT_URL = '/'
LOGOUT_REDIRECT_URL = '/'

User app

Create a new app in your project called 'users', then in this new folder edit the 'apps.py' file, you should see something like this:

from django.apps import AppConfig

class UsersConfig(AppConfig):
    name = 'users'

Copy the name of the class, the example above is called UsersConfig. Now goto the 'settings.py' file and find the installed apps definition:

INSTALLED_APPS = [
    'django.contrib.admin',
    'django.contrib.auth',
    'django.contrib.contenttypes',
    'django.contrib.sessions',
    'django.contrib.messages',
    'django.contrib.staticfiles',

]

Add a new entry at the start of this list for your app:

INSTALLED_APPS = [
    'users.apps.UsersConfig',
    'django.contrib.admin',
    'django.contrib.auth',
    'django.contrib.contenttypes',
    'django.contrib.sessions',
    'django.contrib.messages',
    'django.contrib.staticfiles',
]

User Templates

In the folder for your users app, create a folder called templates. Inside this create a folder called users:

Template folder.png

Now in this folder add a new item, and select 'HTML' and call it 'login.html':

New html.png

Now replace the whole html code with this (the previous tutorial created 'base.html'):

{% extends "MyApp/base.html" %}

{% block content %}
<h2>Login</h2>
<form method="post">
  {% csrf_token %}
  {{ form.as_p }}
  <button type="submit">Login</button>
</form>
{% endblock %}

Now back in 'urls.py', find:

path('login/', auth_views.LoginView.as_view(), name='login'),

Now inside the round brackets after '.as_view' enter:

template_name='users/login.html' 

So it should be:

path('login/', auth_views.LoginView.as_view(template_name='users/login.html' ), name='login'),

Edit the Base.HTML

In the 'base.html' file find the following section:

    <ul class="nav navbar-nav navbar-right">
      <li><a href="#"><span class="glyphicon glyphicon-user"></span> Sign Up</a></li>
      <li><a href="#"><span class="glyphicon glyphicon-log-in"></span> Login</a></li>
    </ul>

Change this section to this:

     <ul class="nav navbar-nav navbar-right">
       {% if user.is_authenticated %}
         <li><a href="{% url 'logout' %}"><span class="glyphicon glyphicon-log-out"></span> LogOut</a></li>
       {% else %}
         <li><a href="#"><span class="glyphicon glyphicon-user"></span> Sign Up</a></li>
         <li><a href="{% url 'login' %}"><span class="glyphicon glyphicon-log-in"></span> Login</a></li>
       {% endif %}
     </ul>